Hemingway’s Code Hero in The Old man and the Sea:-
Hemingway’s Code Hero philosophy is very simple in “The Old man and the Sea”.Hemingway defines code of hero as a man who lives correctly. He follows certain ideals of honor, courage and endurance. He exercises all these traits in painful and stressful situation.The code hero handles difficult situation bravely. He is individualist and free willed. He has his own set of morals and principles based on honor courage and endurance. He never shows emotions. He expresses himself not in words but in action. He shows grace while he is under pressure. Everything about him was old except his eyes.
In “The Old Man and the Sea” Santiago is considered the code hero for many reasons. Santiago follows a strict code of behavior. He lives simple life without all the luxuries that other have. He shows his boundless endurance, unflinching faith and unlimited determination.
“Santiago never gives up nor gives in.”
Santiago lives an extremely simple life. Other fishermen have radios to kill times, but all that Santiago had his thoughts and sometimes the boy. On the boat, he had little food and drink. Santiago shows a great deal of grace during his struggle to catch great fish. He also shows great grace with his battle with sharks and pain does not matter to a man.
Santiago is a perfect code hero of Hemingway. He faces all the hardships with courage, honor and grace. He expresses himself not in words but in action. He stands for the moral code of life. He is an embodiment of the endurance. He proves that a man can be a destroyed but not defeated. He shows that what a man can do and what a man endures.
In short, it is true to say that Santiago is a true code hero. He has all the qualities of the code hero.
Hemingway’s code hero thinks differently, he never becomes panic in any situation.Santiago always thinks that new day will bring new hopes and hence he continues his effort without knowing the result.
“Eighty five is a lucky number.”
Santiago says that if the past is hopeless, future will be hopeful. He should never give up his efforts but on working hard in order to make his future bright and promising. If the past is full of miseries and sufferings, it does not mean that he should give up his efforts. The new rising of the sun will certainly pave his way to success.
Santiago never relent his efforts. He constantly works and never gives in. Santiago is always hopeful. When sharks attack he knows that he cannot face them, in spite of this he accepts their challenge. He believes that constant effort brings glory in life.
“Life is not a child’s play”
In short, Santiago’s character shows an optimistic outlook. This attitude will glorify his future. He therefore, does not lose heart because he believes that man is not made for defeat.
The novel, “The Old Man and the Sea” has some certain values.And the same values a code hero possesses in himself , we also see in “The Old Man and the Sea” Hemingway’s code hero Santiago has same values ,courage, honor and dignity. Hemingway says that human struggle is the greatest quality. He says that man should never give up struggle in order to get success in life. In his views man can defeat his advisory with intelligence. He says that success and failure do not matter in life. Santiago’s character shows that man must show courage, honor and dignity. The old man and the sea is a parable. It has religious and moral values. These moral values are about life.
These moral values are patience, endurance, compassion, petty, optimism and love. This novel preaches the following moral values.
- Man is not made for defeat.
- A man can be destroyed, but not defeated.
- Man should struggle against the negative forces of nature.
- Man must be optimist.
Santiago is a simple and weak person but he performs great strength and velour. Santiago struggles day and night to catch the marlin. At last, he is defeated but he gets a moral victory. Hemingway wants to say through Santiago that struggle is greater than victory.
A code hero always has a ideal in his life. Santiago’s ideal is Di Maggio. Through Di Maggio Hemingway fills full his philosophy of code hero. Santiago is found of baseball. He often talks about baseball matches and his favorite teams. He talks about baseball champion like Di Maggio and Dick Sister. The old man knows a lot about baseball. His favorite player is Di Maggio. He feels proud of him. Di Maggio is a constant source of inspiration for the old man. He is also symbol of strength and endurance for Santiago. When mandolin tells him that the Yankees have lost today’s match. He says that.
“It means nothing.”
As we know that a code hero always fights for right things, he does not care for victory or loss.Hemingway’s code hero also does so in this novel “The Old man and the Sea”. It shows that for Santiago victory or defeat does not matter. To him constant and brave struggle is the greatest virtue. When he is alone in his hut, he tries to kill time by reading about baseball activities. When he comes back after fighting against the marlin and sharks, he reads previous newspaper just to keep himself in touch with the courage and patience of great Di Maggio who plays perfectly in spite of the pain of the bone spur in his heel.
The old man believes that he is also a champion in his own field. He compares himself with Di Maggio.
In short, baseball is only recreation Santiago is interested in. Santiago is fond of Di Maggio. He respects him as one champion does to other.
As we know that a code hero always becomes a brave man and all the time gets ready for challenges. In this novel, “The Old Man and the Sea” Santiago accepts three challenges and he wins all of them. The challenge of marlin , the challenge of sharks and the challenge of Negro .Santiago’s hand game with Negro is very important incident of the novel. It plays a vital role in the developing of Santiago’s character. His great courage, determination and his remarkable endurance enable him to do deeds of bravely. In his youth, he had strong and muscular body. He played the hand game with great Negro from Cienfuegos.
This contest was held at the tavern of Casablanca. Many of the bettors asked for a few because they had to go to work on the docks. Both Santiago and Negro set around the table. Their elbows were on the chalk line drawn across the center of the table. They gripped each other’s hand firmly.
The spectators watched this hard competition in the light of kerosene lamps. In the long run, Santiago succeeded in getting victory over his opponent. He defeated the Negro after hard struggle of twenty four hours. He was declared the champion in hand wrestling. While catching the marlin, he recalls his heroic victory in this competition. It boots up his confidence and encourages him during his fight with the marlin