John Donne A Valediction forbidding mourning analysis

Critical analysis and summary of the poem ‘’A Valediction forbidding mourning’’ by John Donne

In this article we will to analyze the poem A Valediction forbidding mourning by John Donne analysis, title meaning, themes of the poem ,summary, critical analysis and critical appreciation in details.

Background of the poem

Analysis of poem A Valediction forbidding mourning by John Donne indicates that he has written this poem in order to commemorate his journey of a short departure from his wife. He was planning to visit France. Her wife Annie was feeling dejected at this moment. She can’t bear the burden of this short interval. She was not feeling well at this moment and does not want to leave her husband alone at this moment. She felt alienated at this moment as her husband was departing from him, so in this way the title of meaning in this poem take away from mourning Donne is suggesting to his wife she should not bother on his separation it is temporary . In this poem A Valediction forbidding mourning summary we will find about it.                                                                                          

Form of the poem

With the help of analysis A Valediction forbidding mourning analysis by John Donne we conclude that he has written this poem in order to console his wife. This poem is written in the form of the dramatic monologue and the thematic concern in this poem is about the parting of two devoted lovers for a short interval of the time. But they can’t bear the cruelty of time to part them from each other. The tone of the poem is warm and light. Donne has used a lot of conceits to present his ideas.  He has drawn the conceits from every field of knowledge in his poems.

Main idea employed in the poem

A Valediction forbidding mourning critical summary informs us Donne has written about the parting of two lovers. The poet is addressing to his beloved wife and advising her to remain calm during the period of departure. He is telling her that as the pious people of the world passes away from this world into another world. People response on their death is doubtful at their calmness and peace. They are not ready to believe that they are dead. John Donne here by quoting this idea is trying to sympathize his beloved that she should not be sad at this moment. During the interval of parting he is advising her to control her emotions and feelings. She should not shed tears at this moment. He thinks that her tears and sighs will be source of spoiling their moments of joys and happiness. So he advises her beloved to enjoy with the pleasures available at the moment. He identifies himself as the superior and unique among other couples. He says that the love of common and ordinary people dies when they part from each other. He does not consider their love as a worthy thing. He sees them as lover for short interval of time. He says their love is temporary not permanent.                                                                  

As for as A Valediction forbidding mourning summary is concerned, it is too much clear here when he thinks that his love is spiritual and refined and free from every kind of doubts. He says that they love each other for ever with purity and spirituality. He takes his love as the spiritual subject. He is much sure about the permanence of his love for her beloved. He says that the separation and parting from each other does not part their souls. John Donne explains that physically separation does not part them from each other because their souls are fused into one body and can’t be separated at all by any external act. He uses the conceit of the gold and says that our love in the case of separation expands like a gold piece.

  • Conceits used in the poem
  • John Donne has used the conceits in his poems to exaggerate the pre-existing ideas. He has drawn the conceits from the wide range of all fields. To express his love for his beloved he has given the example of the compass .He says that our two souls are the two legs of the compass and always holding the same Centre. They are joined together at one end of the compass. He assumes that the soul of the beloved is fixed in his body. He has introduced the concept of earthquake and the ordinary motion of the earth in the poem. He says that the true lovers never feel dejected at their separation for short time. He says that the ordinary lovers feel frightened at this parting. The true lovers never feel restless in the case of their separation. He has compared the parting of true lovers to the beaten gold. It expands while beaten heavily. Same in this case the separation of two souls increases their love. He believes that his love is spiritual and sacred.
  • Themes in the poem A Valediction forbidding mourning by John Donne

There are very much themes in poem A Valediction forbidding mourning by John Donne he has given several concepts of love, death, parting and acceptance. He has depicted the love as a sacred concept.

  • Theme of love

Theme of love is one of the major themes of the poem A Valediction forbidding mourning. John Donne has taken the subject of love in the poem and considers his love for her beloved as immortal and sacred. He thinks that his love is free from the worldly physical pursuits. He says that their souls are fused and mingled into one body.

  • Theme of separation

Theme of separation is one of the most obvious themes of the poem A Valediction forbidding mourning. The main theme of the poem is about the parting moment of the two lovers. But he does not support the idea of being dejected at this moment. He says that feeling of sadness will crush their moments of joy and happiness. In this way A Valediction forbidding mourning title meaning is very much clear

  • Theme of death

Through the description of the death of the pious people he develops the thematic concern. He has employed the idea that the parting of the ordinary lovers is like their death. They fell died in the case of their separation. But the true lover never dies and this gives the spiritual touch to his poem. He says that their separation never brings death to them because their love is immortal.

  • Theme of acceptance

John Donne presents a different idea that his lover should accept the reality about the parting moment. She should also relish herself at this moment. She should avoid the perpetual sobbing and tears. She should accept the reality and bear the tormented moments.

Literary devices in the poem

When we critically exam the summary A Valediction forbidding mourning by John Donne then we find out that he has used literary devices in the poem. He has employed the extended metaphors and conceits in his poem. The compass and the spheres are the symbol of their natural and immortal love. He has used the metaphors in the first stanza when he compares the parting moment with the death of a pious and holy man. He does not feel any dejection at this moment like that holy man. So, we can say that A Valediction forbidding mourning analysis, summary critical analysis, themes, title meaning reveals John Donne metaphysical poet.

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