Mourning Becomes Electra DRAMA of Revenge and Passion

Undoubtedly ,”Mourning Becomes Electra is a Drama of Revenge and Passion’ .It is fated family which is called Mannon , all the members of family have to tendency towards revenge and jealousy passion .There is no doubt about that every man has passions in himself either goods or bads. In fact the Mannons are mostly preoccupied with negative passions .Every character wants to take revenge by each other .Actually, revenge passion is included in their DNA.Ezra and Christine’s hatred passion starts when Ezra does not have sex with Christine on first wedding night .Lavinia and Christine’s revenge and passionate attitude starts when Lavinia thinks about that she is insecure and she is not acceptable child of her parents as Christine herself informs her , they do not want to bear to you . Adam wants to take revenge by the Mannons family because he is informed that his mother died by the Mannons carelessness.They are jealous and hate one another Mourning Becomes Electra is a modern rewriting of the Orestia transposed  from a Agga Mannon ‘s  return to Orgoss after the Trojan War to  Ezra Mannon return to the Mannon’s  house in New England after the American Civil War. The play could have been a mechanical transference of the Greek plot to modern times.The story of mourning becomes Electra seems to resemble the facts of the original Greek trilogy which is also based on revenge and jealousy passion , or ‘ Mourning Becomes Electra Greek Tragedy ‘ particularly, ‘Homecoming’ is closest to its original. The Genreal returns home form war  the way  Agamemnon did and is murdered by his wife the way Agamemnon  was murder by Clytemnestra  instigated by her lover Adam Brant (Aegisthus).The mother and daughter confront each other but there are certain differences, as well Christian and Adam do not stab .Ezra but  poison him, in fact, Christine alone does it. Neither Ezra Mannon and Clytemnestra had.

Ezra seems more like a lonely old man than a conquering Hero. His guilt is also small as compared with other Agamemnon ‘s. He is not cruel and self willed or proud like Agamemon . His only fault being his inability to establish the sort of love relationship that Christine  wanted .This is a puritanical  failure Christine  hatred is not as great as Clytemnestra’s was, nor is her love for Adam Brant as passionate as Clytemnestra’s was for Aegisthus. She seems more vindictive and  poisonous and less heroic  , she acts like a neurotic and her hatred of Ezra , too is that of an neurotic person .Even the Second  play in the Trilogy .The hunted resembles the original Greek  in many ways but Christine commits suicide. This suicide  substitutes for the murder of the original Greek  emphasizing the anti heroic nature of the modern  protagonist . In case of Orin it the furies ,  in the Greek myth which have been substituted by the tortured  consciousness  of the modern hero centers upon the character of Electra rather than that of  Orestes .It describes this character as the only heroic character ,this all makes this “Mourning Becomes Electra Drama of Revenge and Passion .
It could have been merely a family case history from an analyst’s notebook .The meaning of the play is not dried  from the plot, but from the opposition between the the psychological imperative and puritan ethics or elements can be found in “Mourning Becomes Electra” . Brant calls Lavinia has already been briefed by an old employee about this man and manages to provoke him into an admission of revenge passion that too, is the son of Mannon Who married a Canadian maid servant and was thrown out  from home by his father, Lavinia’s  grandfather.

CLICK HERE Puritanism Elements in Mourning Becomes Electra

Mourning Becomes Electra Oedipus complex click here

CLICK HERE Mourning Becomes Electra Freudianism or Psychological

CLICK HERE Mourning Becomes Electra Greek Tragedy

The Mannons family revenge passion starts when Lavinia ,now ,has the picture clear in her mind. She  expected her mother of having an affair  with captain Adam Brant and followed her to New York Christine pretended that she went to New York to see her ailing father. Lavinia  writes to her father and brother about the Town gossip about her mother. Captain Adam wishes to revenge on the Mannons  the disgrace they caused to his mother.

Now the play takes on turn and we get to know that the daughter loves her father a great deal and this has caused of jealous and revenge between the daughter and the mother who reciprocates in equal measure  and loves his mother. When Ezra Mannon returns, Christine does not manage to conceal her hatred for him as well as her revenge passion .When the retired General Ezra Mannon has a heart attack and asks for medicine ,Christine takes advantage of this opportunity and give him a poison drugs .She had already planned to kill Ezra  in connivance  with her lover captain Brant  doing, Ezra  tells Lavinia  who happens to drop in that it was  Christine who caused his death not the medicine. In the mean time Orin returns. Christine tries to poison his mind against  Lavinia , she  tries to do this as a precaution lest Lavinia should tell the truth regarding Mannon’s death and her affair with captain Adam .But  Lavinia manages to convince  Orin of the conspiracy hatched by Christine and Adam .Orin  and Lavinia chase capital Adam where Christine has already gone to warn him of the impeding danger. Orin shoots captain Brant and thereafter  they go on a long to China.

Mourning Becomes Electra is a Drama of Revenge and Passion its characterization, symbolism and tone are determined  by O,NEILL interpretation of the puritan heritage by Freud and psychology. “Mourning Becomes Electra” is a play set  in puritanical  surroundings  in the in midst of the puritanical people .The New England countryside,  in which the action of the play takes place is full of barren  and rocky countryside with barrend mountain range and with the people who are  actually austere ,tough and thrifty. These are  types of people, who feature in our play, they are cruel, revengeful.To think of death  is the Mannon  way of thinking. They are outwardly possess all the calvinistive puritanical virtue industry ,thrifty  regular life and piety and no redemption was possible for a sinner against this code of life. In Mourning Becomes Electra this protein puritanism is only in appearance in actual life, they are jealous ,greedy and heartless, have feelings of revenge and jealousy. In the eyes of O ,Neill  this Puritanism  is represented every kind of suppression , hypocrisy and shame behaviour and elements in “Mourning Becomes Electra”. O’Neill uses these  hypocritical attitudes in the texture of the play Mourning becomes Electra against the harsh geographical background and  heart cored people the drama of love and lust of Christine’s  Adam is played out to its tragic climax.But the playwright  and audience see with their actions in a wider content that conflicts with,but also in some sense explains the revengeful mentality . Eventually, the Mannons are Puritans in approach but in practice they are dominated by hatred, passion and sex.Thus O’Neill  tears apart the puritan  facade of respectability and shows that puritan  or not ,men are men and are led by passions .O’Neill hates puritan 

CLICK HERE Puritanism Elements in Mourning Becomes Electra

Mourning Becomes Electra Oedipus complex click here

CLICK HERE Mourning Becomes Electra Freudianism or Psychological

CLICK HERE Mourning Becomes Electra Greek Tragedy


The Mannons   house represents  a  hard tradition  bound family. Mannons are conservative and class conscious their house appears like temple of hatred and revenge to Christine  full of puritan ugliness ,monstrosity  temple of hail and death. As it  is suggested under below:-


“It was just like [your grandfather] to build such a monstrosity—as a temple for his hatred. “


Mourning Becomes Electra is a Drama of Revenge and Passion can be understood in this sense Uncle David fell in love with the Canadian nurse ,Mary Brantome and married her. For this  crime he was thrown out of the house and his family portion was purchased at 1/10 of its price. Actually, Ezra does so because he also loves Mary and wants to marry but he finds out that his brother already has got marriage Mary he gets out his brother by his house in the passion of revenge and jealousy.

“It was just like [your grandfather] to build such a monstrosity—as a temple for his hatred. “

Even when Mary was dying of starvation Ezra does not give  to reply to her letter for help. This hardheartedness  and hatred exposes their so-called puritan piety  Abb Mannon  threw out  David for loving and marrying a nurse a servant in the family . He could not tolerate that breach of property . He threw out David  ,pulled down the house out of revenge  and rebuild a new house  a temple of hatred . Abb Mannon curse of hatred is inherited by his successor Lavinia and Orin. Lavinia hate love Christine derides her daughter for her prudish views.To Ezra bodies are ashes to ashes  , dirt to dirt .But , in front, of his wife , he becomes passionate  and implores  her for  love . Lavinia  hates her  mother”s sensuality  but she herself  loves  Adam  Brant and wants Peter have her 

 So the curse begins with David and ends with Orin, each committed suicide out of sense of guilt .The family tradition  ,conventional  behavior  based on puritan standards ,ensures  the perpetuation  of the curse.The puritan  code provides no resources for purging guilt, in fact, there guilt cannot be publicly admitted , for the Mannons
are “the elect” to all appearances. Their fall from grace cannot be mended because it cannot be confessed. This sense of disgrace  seals the guilt up within the family.The Mannons are  caught up in their private hell and the family circle draws  around their mutual guilt as well as revenge.

In ONeill’s  plays  this character is consistently developed until Electra becomes the title figure. In changing Electra character from the original Greek O’Neill has also changed the dramatic conception of the play. Orin can find no absolution from the furies, which drove Orestes because Orin  has accepted the the redemption  of his evil nature and committed  suicide. Electra is the only character the triumphs  over the evil of her heritage by recognizing it clearly and by determining to live with it to the end .She says she is the last Mannon and she has got to punish herself she gets all the flowers thrown away lock yourself in a room with her  families member learning fully to understand her on past and also how to cry  or mourn for it. The modern Electra, Lavinia regains  her humanity  by suffering more than her and ancestors did. At the end of the play she seems  to have  begin her long day journey in tonight .She seems heroic and her mourning becomes  So , at the end we can say that Mourning Becomes Electra is a Drama of Revenge and Passion

 [God] twists and wrings and tortures our lives … until—we poison each other to death!”

CLICK HERE Puritanism Elements in Mourning Becomes Electra

Mourning Becomes Electra Oedipus complex click here

CLICK HERE Mourning Becomes Electra Freudianism or Psychological

CLICK HERE Mourning Becomes Electra Greek Tragedy

10610cookie-checkMourning Becomes Electra DRAMA of Revenge and Passion