The monk character in Canterbury Tales is treated with ironical way, by Chaucer unveils the the corrupt mask of the religion, his character is no more than a satire on religion. In Chaucer’s time the church was a powerful institution as well as medium of speech. And the same monk is related with church area. The monk character is actually symbol of downfall of religion life, in Canterbury Tales he is not what should be him, he is is totally opposite the life of church, he loves secular life instead o church The manner in which Chaucer has described it is very worth praising. This character shows the “Decline of the Church” as well as the religion ,there is only texture and gimmick in religion, act has been vanished from the lives of the people ,there is nothing called to be the outstanding in religion.
The monk character is delineated in ironical as well as satirical way, his physical appearance is not fit for monastic status, if we remember the character of poor clerk then we feel he is lean and weak but also his horse is too weak which reveals that he is poor and takes pain his work but on the other hand the monk is fat and loves to eating which is totally oppose to monastic life but her whose cares.
The Monk Character in Canterbury Tales
In Canterbury Tales the monk is on target of Chaucer’s keen satire, he is delineated with ironic way because he has not Real Monk’s passion rather he is involve in worldly pleasure. Actually, the actual monk remains in busy in remembrance of God, he divorces to world and gets marry his monastery, for him the world is nothing but monastery is everything. The first group of monk was emerge on the surface of the earth on Northern Egypt in early 14 century. Al the members of this groups do not meet before prayer, they live altogether but do not meet yet remain in busy in God‘s remembrance. On the other hand, Chaucer’s monk is not like that he breaks all traditions customs and norms about the monk’ s life and takes participate in worldly pleasure, for instance, he loves eating, hunting, riding, gossiping, have hounds for hunting , he spends lot of money on costly clothes, he likes expenses horses and he has all of them in his stable etc.
How does he break old norms ? This can be seen when he ignores the rules St. Maure and St. Benedict . When St. Benedict says in his text if a monk hunts , he will be consider the un holy man but he does not care about his text and creates his own rule and makes his ne w world he loves hunting. St. Benedict also suggests that when a monk is in monastery he should be like fish out of water, it means the monk ‘s soul demands all the time the water of God’s remembrance but he understands all of this mere a old fashion and a monk should also aware of outside. St. Augustine says a monk should be perform drudgery, if he does not do so how he will served to world . Chaucer also in ironical way narrates that he should not very much studies if he does then he will be mad and why should he all the time live in his cloister and why should he sweat in studies and drudgery his hands. It seems that Chaucer sit beside him and is giving favour but in fact he is doing in ironical manners. He forgets the doctrine of St. Augustine
As far as the monk character is concerned in this Canterbury Tales Chaucer has no hesitation about telling his hobby he has two hobbies galloping the horse and hunting the hares and for them he does not any care about money, here, means that he is very extravagance who is against the clergy man’s conduct. His extravagance is not end here when we see him he wears a hood under his chin and pin is in gold and the same pin we see that a love knot, love knot surprises us a clergy man has a love knot which is a clear cut indicate that he is involve in worldly love the love of woman instead of God’s love. He has desire love making as well as sexual that is against the life of clergy man or an Eccliastical character.