How does Marlowe Doctor Faustus differ from a traditional Greek tragedy?, What is the contribution of Marlowe in Elizabethan drama?, What are the distinctive qualities of Marlowe as a dramatist?, Is Marlowe called father of English tragedy? and Marlowe conception or concept of tragedy .Marlow contributed to the development of the tragedy by introducing Blank Verse in tragedy. He is considered the champion of tragedy for his unique method of handling it. The tragedy before him seemed to lose its influence over the audience. The people of that era started to dislike contemporary tragedies because of their link to religion. There was reign of morality and miracle plays before him. But with the progress of the time, the public demand increased and they demanded a more refined form of dramatic plays in order to get pleasure and perfection. In that era, comedies were also not in the pure form. These were just the imitation of follies and the Fables of people of that era.
Impact of Italian Renaissance
Contribution of Marlowe in Elizabethan drama is very much vi vid actually the era was characterized by the revival and rebirth of knowledge that is called Elizabethan age. There was the production of many literary works. The people that era was widely read. In this era for the first time tragedy was depicted as the dramatic art in literary art. This executed because of the revival of knowledge. Italian Renaissance contributed a lot to develop the tragedy and English plays. The tragedies of that era were followed by the SENECAN tragedies and Marlow tool a step to bring revolution in this field. He introduces the new literary style for tragedies of his time. He tried to improve the quality of English plays and bring it to the height of genius achieved by Shakespeare.
Tragic hero-Humble parentage
As a dramatist Marlowe did Contribution in Elizabethan drama. He broke the traditional style and prospect of choosing the tragic hero from the nobility that is one of the distinctive qualities of Marlowe as a dramatist . Marlowe conception or concept of tragedy shows up here before him, tragic heroes belonged to the noble and superior class. They were kings and princes who performed the role of a tragic hero. In this era tragedy belonged to the downfall and sufferings of the noble class in the Medieval tragedy. But it was Marlow who took the charge to bring revolution in the field of tragedy. He has picked all his heroes from the common class and humble parentage. The heroes of his tragedies were embodied with heroic qualities and were capable of being placed as the tragic hero.
The tragedy of one man
Marlowe conception or concept of tragedy revolves usually around one man that is one of the distinctive qualities of Marlowe as a dramatist. The dramatic structure of his tragedies revolves around the fate of one man. His tragedies deal with the life events of the tragic hero. A tragic hero is a central figure in tragedies by Marlow. These tragedies depict the tragedy of one man. It is about the fate of one man including his downfall and death. The plot of the tragedy revolves around the tragic action of one man. We can analyze the tragedy of Dr. Faustus by him. We can see that Faustus was the only man to suffer from all the troubles in the play. He was the central figure in the action of the play. The conflict of his character is depicted through his actions and dialogues. He suffers because of his action of plasticizing black magic in the course of tragedy. He was sent to endless damnation because of his sins and dreadful actions. No other character in the tragedy suffers because of his sins. All other events other than the damnation of Faustus remain insignificant to the plot of the tragedy.
Inner conflict is one of the distinctive qualities of Marlowe as a dramatist. His great achievement lies in the fact that he has introduced an element of conflict to increase the tragic effect in his tragedies. The conflict may be treated as an external or internal capability of the man. It may be expressed on the two different planes. Conflict can be regarded as of physical nature or being treated on the physical plane. The characters in his tragedies suffer most because of the inner conflict of their character. Dr. Faustus suffers most because of his inner conflict. He was confronted by the two different states of evil and good. He was put in a situation to choose the right path for him. He remained in a state of agony throughout the course of tragedy because of his inner conflict. He ponders over the idea that either he has to practice the black magic or he should return to his God in order to get redemption. He tries to repent over the several moments but he could not because of the domination of evil in his character. This inner conflict exercised by Faustus made the tragedy to be recognized as the tragedy of the soul. The inner conflict of his character reveals him as a truly tragic figure. The conflict generated in the course of the tragedy supports the plot of the tragedy to execute true tragic action.
What is the contribution of Marlowe in Elizabethan drama? this question often rises up actually, Marlowe endowed a lot of contribution in Elizabethan drama in the shape of blank verse. He introduced a new style to the renaissance dramatic structure. He introduces the Blank verse as a tool to strengthen his viewpoint in his tragedies.
Marlowe conception or concept of tragedy is so simple because he does not introduce his tragic hero as the pure victim of fate and it is one of the distinctive qualities of Marlowe as a dramatist. He never identified his characters as the puppet in the hands of fate and derived by some external agents. He does not force them to be determined by some external agents. His tragic heroes in tragedies are responsible for his own fate because of defects in their personalities. The tragic heroes are identified with some tragic flaws in their characters. They suffer in the course of the play because of their tragic flaw. Dr. Faustus brings his own damnation because of his ruthless actions. He was an ambitious and proud man who brought own downfall. The tragic heroes in his tragedies are introduced with their ambitious and overpowering nature. They want to get the highest fame. For that purpose, they commit dreadful deeds which bring them toothier ultimate damnation.
He discarded the moral conception that was prevalent in the medieval era. The chief end of the tragedies by Marlow was to depict the rise and the fall of the hero. The aim is the tragedy to instruct the audience through depicting the inner conflict of the tragic hero.
High seriousness and lack of humor
The depictions of Clowns in the Dr. Faustus arouse no laughter. They are considered as later interpolations. There is high seriousness depicted through the structure of plot. He could not achieve the loftiness of tragic vision. Some of the features like lack of humor and absence of women character may regard as drawbacks of his tragedies. He introduces the new passion into the poetical art.