Phonology deals with the systematic organization of patterns and speech sound in a given language. These sounds sever as the basis for the formation of a language. Speech sounds get accumulated in the mind and then conveyed through a medium to produce meaningful communication. It is related to the study of the formation of speech sounds and the relative meaning conveyed by these sounds. These sounds are arranged in a pattern. Phonology deals with the two different fundamental grounds from which speech- sounds originate. It involves the study of phonemes produced by different spoken languages and dialects. The verities of languages involve different sound systems according to their dialects. Phonology is the branch of linguistics that deals with the systematic organization of dialects of different languages. Different sound patterns occur in different languages. Thus phonology is the accumulation and arrangement of all these speeches sounds in order to form a language.
Vocal folds produce different sounds in order to make a language. Sound units combine in a given language to produce words and utterances. These words are formed up by the combination of different speech sounds. Voicing and pitch originate from the vocal folds in order to build different sounds of different languages. Phonation is the production of certain speech sounds in a particular language by means of vocal folds.
Phones in linguistics
When we consider the individuality of a speech sound in a given language it is referred to as a Phone. It is termed as a gesture or speech sound which is distinct from the original sound as a unit. A phoneme is the combination of different and several speech sounds that are individually termed as the Phones.
The different speech sounds are arranged in a systematic order. The arrangement of different possible speech sounds makes different pronunciations. These are termed Allophones in phonology linguistics. There are different nonsignificant variants associated with each phoneme in phonology. There are different variations of a phoneme that are referred to as Allophones. The significant change made in a sound on the basis of arranged spelling in a word is known as Allophones. The production of allophones is more forceful and clipped in a given speech-sound system. The production of allophones is determined by the given position in a given language.

Phoneme as a unit of phonology
Many factors can bring a change within the sound pattern and in a given language. A phoneme is regarded as a unit of phonology linguistics one of those factors that can change the meaning in a given language and it is considered as. It s regarded as the smallest unit of speech sounds that are responsible for the change in a particularly given language. It is regarded as the main factor which makes a distinction between the words from another word of a particular language. Phonemes are associated with spoken languages. These units bring change to a given context in a language. It is the smallest phonetic unit that is capable of conveying different meanings. The difference made by phonemes is based on the pronunciation of the words. It performs distinctive functions in a given language. They are considered as same and variant in the given situation. They differ according to the voicing and the point of articulation. It is regarded as the variant pronunciation of a phoneme in a different way. The possibilities of different allophones do not cause a change in the context or meaning of a sound in a given language. It is notable to know about the existence of phonemes and allophones in all languages in order to conceive the meanings from speech sounds. Without a proper understanding, there will be a certain problems regarding the speech-sounds system. In a given language allophones are called variants on the basis of different pronunciations.
The aim of phonology in Linguistics
Phonology is about the different ideas which we can employ to gather and organize different speech- sounds. The different characteristics of different sound systems are studied under the title of phonetics in a given language. All the speakers of a native language don’t possess the same vocal cords. The voice and the sounds are originated from the different vocal folds in a given language. The two different speakers can’t produce the same voices in an identical way. Thus voices are arranged in a systematic order to make a distinction in particular speech sounds. There is a number of phonemes producing the different sounds from the vocal folds of a native speaker. These are based on the origination of that sounds and arrangements of these sounds in mind to produce different sounds in a given particular language.
Phoneme system
The scope of phonology is not limited to the concept of allophones and phonemes. It is related to the principles and rules that govern a particular phoneme system. Sounds are produced according to distinctive rules that are governed by different dialects. It is necessary to comprehend these entire rules to learn about the formation of sounds.
Segmental phonology
Speech sounds and phonemes are analyzed on different levels within a language. It involves the study of segments and small units of speech sounds system. It involves the features which are related to the formation of sounds and speech-sounds system. It is about the melody and rhythms of different sounds of different languages. It consists of vowel and consonants sounds o a language. These are relatively different sounds produce within one or different languages. A, e, I, o, u are segmental phonemes within the English language. It is a conceptual idea about speech- sounds system.
Super segmental phonology
It is the study of the melodic sound pattern in a given language. It correlates to the origin of sounds from the vocal folds, perception of those sounds by the listeners, and production of speech sounds. It about the rhythm and style of a melodic sound formed on a specific pattern.
Importance in learning the language
Alphabetic writing system and speech sounds system are necessary to learn anything. It enables us to understand any language or dialect related to it. It relates to the theories of linguistics related to the acquisition of a particular language in childhood. Phonological process is necessary to understand origination of a language and the combination of different sounds in order to make a language. It is a variant concept which makes us unable to comprehend the process of assimilating sounds.

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