The Return of Native as a tragedy
The Return of Native is a tragedy or not , it separate discussion , we first of all , will try to know what is tragedy, in Aristotle’s point of view in Poetic , Tragedy is an action in which a man suffers from happiness to adversity , in which the pity and fear arise, at the end the readers take catharsis. So , as we know that Thomas Hardy is fond of Greek literature and approximately believe in fatalism theory which is generally used in Greek literature . Hardy also knows as Pessimist in his work approach.
The Return of Native as a tragedy can be examed on the merits of Aristotle’s point of view so far as Cylm is the happiest man of the world and he has no sorrow and pathos , he is doing good job , he wants to run a school, he is noble man , he is not wicked but has some error of judgment that is essential for a tragedy and tragic hero.
The Return of Native is as a pure tragedy with the philosophy of Hardy, Hardy follows to Greek literature tragedy method in his work. But this is not pure tragedy in fact, in true sense because tragedy revolves around one man who is shown to be a leading character and its main character or protagonist be in Male category but if analyze with minutely then we find out there is no tragedy of Clym rather it is tragedy of Eucstacia I true sense. She has all elements and requirement that are necessary for a tragedy.
Clym is handsome man and is at Paris and doing handsome job when novel starts. He has a desire he should go back home and open a school for poor children so that they may get education. Being a nice guy he has also error of judgment , thus, his mother .
The Return of Native is as a tragedy because we find out numerous pessimist elements as well as fatalism elements that endow to novel as a tragedy. In this novel The Return of Native, the main character whose name is Cylm Yeobright strives to escape his tragedy a ot but at the the end he meets his tragic end due his bad fate, being a unlucky man comes in Egdon Heath so that he may spread education to poor people of this area but fate has planed other, Fate is ready for destroying his life.
His fate brings him to wrong lady whose name is Eustacia, same as iss in Tess of the d’urbervilles, Tess meets a wrong man instead of the right man. Eustacia is cunning lady while Thomasin is innocent and lovable lady. Both Cylm and as well Thomasin meet with wrong man in this novel cause of fate.
The return of the native as Tragedy
Thomas hardy presents the tragic view of life in his novels. He has been regarded as the pessimist for giving such tragic tales in his novels. He presents the life in the trap of the fate and being ruled by some external forces. The error committed by the characters and the fate thus contributes to bring the downfall of the tragedy of the man. He introduces his characters under the circumstances of adverse misery and prosperity. He let them free to act in the particular way. The return of the native is tragic and sadistic story of the characters. The characters himself involve them in the trap of fate. This all reveals Hardy Philosophy in The Return of the Native or it might be said that it is Greek concept of tragedy .
Clym yeobright was the inhabitant of the Edgon Heath and was living there since his childhood. He was familiar with the environment and the conditions prevailing in that area. He finds the peace of life in the hills of the Heath and he wants o stay there ever as they were friendly to him. He finds himself happy in the presence of Edgon Heath. Hardy has presented the tragic view of his life. He was sent to Paris to earn a better living there. He became prosperous there and was in full swing. He was enjoying the comforts of life but something was irritating him there. He can’t find peace of life there. He wanted to come back in his country. He remained aliened to his native place for some years but now yearning to comeback. He can’t abandon the Heath for the long period of time. He can’t feel at home in that country.
The tragedy of his life begins with his arrival to the native country. The writer has employed the technique so dramatically that we are amazed at his downfall after his arrival. The misery and the sufferings were started after his arrival in the Edgon Heath. His birthplace proved fatal for him. He always considered his birthplace as friendly and peaceful for him. But he did not aware of the realities of his life. He did not know that he has to face the storm of sufferings after coming back to his country. His birthplace proved fatal and hostile for him.
His tragedy begins with his own free will that he will devote his life to education. He decided that he will work for the education of the children in the country. He will not go back ever. He decided to return back to native area on his own will and choice. He was living a comfortable and prosperous life as the diamond seller in the Paris. But he decided to quit that business and to devote his life for the education in his own country. He intended to build a school for the education of the rustics in the town.
He chooses a noble end for his rest of life and to devote his life for the service of poor people in the town. But his ideas were disrupted and bring the sense of disillusionment in the plot of the novel. He has under the stroke of the fate and has to face the ultimate downfall. In order to execute his plans he was working day and night. He was studying till night to better educate the rustic people. That is why he loses his own eye sight and he was turned into the semi blind sort of person. Now he can’t see the world properly and can’t educate them. He was caught in the trap of his fate. Now he has to face the ultimate end and the stroke of the fate. Now in order to meet his own expenditure he has to work as the furze cutter in the town. This is the great tragic end of his life and now he has to live with the sufferings of life. Hardy Philosophy in The Return of the Native becomes clear here, no one can refuse it.
His arrival causes the tragic end of other characters also. Eustacia was a beautiful and optimist girl. She always planned to better her future and to bring comfort to her life. She seems to be a dreamy girl and always pondering over his better fate. But fate also works against her and proved fatal for her. Fate also brings the tragic end to her ideal life. Her dreams were ruined and she was under the stroke of her fate. She executed the plan to marry the Clym in order to fulfill her desires of her life. She thinks that he is the wealthiest man of the town and has returned back from the Paris. She thinks that she will rise her status in the town by marrying him. She was of the view that he will take her abroad with him. She thinks that he will take much care of her because he is in love with her. So she was crazy about her plans to marry him. She always used to seek pleasure and the comfort in the city life. She always used to offer dejected remarks about the Heath. She does not want to stay there anymore. She wants to spend her rest of life in the Paris. She was frustrated with the hostile nature of the Heath. So after the blindness of the Clym she resumes towards the Wildeve again. She seeks her pleasures in his company. She tries o elope with him from the Heath. But the hostile nature of the Heath caught her and she was sent to be drowned in the dark and the stormy night. So her own free will brings her downfall and she was dead at last. She has to live there at last and feel the burden of her frustration.
The hardy has thus presented the tragic end of life. He is of the view that we can’t free ourselves from the stroke of fate. Mrs. Yeobright passionately loved her son and she forbids him to avoid to marry the Eustacia. That thing aroused a quarrel between them and forced them to live separately. This thing led them to suffer individually in their houses. This also resulted in the death of her mother because nobody was there to rescue her mother when she was bitten by snake. So we can analyze the fact that the fate and free will of the man bring his downfall. Hardy has presented the tragedy of the characters with pessimistic outlook.